What is Geography?

"Geography is the study of Earth's landscapes, people, places and environments. It is, quite simply, about the world in which we live.' (Royal Geographical Society)


In geography pupils are taught:

  • Locational and place knowledge e.g. locating continents and oceans, UK countries and capital cities of the UK.
  • Human and physical geography, geographical skills and field work, including an understanding of important features of the earth such as landforms, human features, weather, climate and seasons.
  • To develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality.
  • To understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography.
  • To begin to use geographical skills, including first - hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness e.g. using atlases, maps and globes, simple compass directions, locational and directional language, devising simple maps. using aerial photographs, and studying the geography of the school and other locations through the use of "Wow factors", trips and visiting speakers.



In EYFS (reception and nursery) geography is taught through 2 areas of learning; The Natural World and People, Culture and Communities.

In Nursery pupils will explore their personal spaces, learn about England and another country and begin to understand that countries are different.

This is built upon in Reception where pupils begin to explore different holiday locations and climates. Our pupils are given opportunities to develop their understanding of the world both indoors and outdoors.



In key stage one, the geography curriculum is split into four key areas; locational knowledge, place knowledge, human and physical geography and geographical skills.

Over the course of year 1 and year 2, pupils will cover all of these areas in depth and have opportunities to build on their skills and knowledge through discrete lessons.

The topics in year 1 focus on local geography and the UK.

In year 2 pupils build on this knowledge by exploring geography beyond the UK.

Geography is taught through topic lessons, which involve ‘wow days’, writing, practical, creative and home learning opportunities.


  Learning Cycle 1 Learning Cycle 2 Learning Cycle 3 Learning Cycle 4 Learning Cycle 5
Year 2      


Where Does Chocolate Come From?


The Seven Wonders Of The World.
Year 1


What Is Special About Belgrave?


    Are We Proud To Be British?  


Where Does Baby Mouse Live?


    Where Do You Want To Go On Holiday?




Why Is Our World Special?   What Can We find Outside?